Dandruff is a common chronic scalp condition marked by flaking of the skin on your scalp. It often occurs when the scalp becomes dry or greasy and produces white flakes of dead skin. Skin cells are formed constantly on the scalp, so the shedding of dead skin cells is a usual process. With dandruff, however, skin cells are shed at a more rapid rate than normal. Oil from the scalp causes the skin cells to clump together and appear as white flakes.
Dandruff could be the result of various factors. While extreme dryness or oiliness in the head is the main causes for dandruff, the condition could have also been caused by a bacteria or a fungus. If the dandruff is caused by a fungal strain or bacteria, it could spread from one person to another. This would mainly occur by sharing combs and other personal care items. There are, fortunately, many dandruff home remedies to cure this. Once the pH balance of the scalp is restored the flaking would gradually decrease.
Here are 10 Best Home Remedies for Dandruff
Aspirin contains salicylic acid, the same active ingredient in many medicated dandruff shampoos. crush two aspirin tablets into fine powder and add it to the normal amount of shampoo you use each time you wash your hair. Leave the mixture on your hair for 1-2 minutes, then rinse well with warm water..Aspirin is available in the following brands in India. Disprin, aspicot,Colsprin, ecosprin.
Curd is very popular and effective home remedy for dandruff.Curd is an excellent tonic for the improvement and quality of hair.Anti baterial properties of curd will reduce irritation and itchiness of the scalp.
a).Apply generous amount of whipped curd, massaging from the hair follicles to the end. Allow the curd to rest for 30 minutes before cleansing with a mild shampoo .
b).keep a small quantity of curd for fermentation for 2-3 days.Apply this curd to the scalp and hair.Dry it for 1 hour and wash it off.Doing this not only removes dandruff,but also makes your hair shiny.
c).Make a thick concoction of besan and curd adding enough water. Apply this on the scalp and wash after half an hour.
Neem is known to posses anti- bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory qualities.
a).Take about 50 neem leaves and boil them in two liters of water. Boil the leaves until the water turn into greenish in colour and the leaves soften and drop their colour. Let the solution cool and then strain it. Use the water to rinse your hair after shampoo.
b).Boil 2 handfuls of neem leaves in 5 cups of water and then grind Neem leaves to make a paste and apply it on the scalp. Wash hair after 30 minutes.
4. Lemon Juice
Lemon helps balance ph levels and reduces excessive oils that can be a factor in dandruff.
a).Apply freshly extracted lemon juice over scalp and wash it after 10 minutes.
b).Add lemon with curd and spreading the mixture to the scalp and hair . Allow the curd to rest for 30 minutes before cleansing with a mild shampoo .
5. Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is an essential oil that has been obtained by steam distillation of the leaves of the melaleuca alternifolia, a plant native to Australia.Tea tree oil contains terpinen-4-ol that has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties that helps to treat scalp problems. When applied on scalp, it penetrates the hair follicles, unclogs them and kills microorganisms that trigger dandruff, itchy scalp and irritation.One study showed that shampoos with just 5 percent tea tree oil significantly improves the severity of dandruff.
a).You can add 5 – 6 drops of tea tree oil and mix it well in a shampoo or conditioner, Use this solution to rinse your hair and scalp.
b).Take a small application bottle and fill it with 3/4 full of any carrier oil like jojoba oil, olive oil, coconut oil, almond oil.Add 10 -15 drops of tea tree oil in it and mix it well.Apply this to your scalp and hair before going to bed and shampoo it the morning.
6. Baking soda
Baking soda is known to reduce overactive fungi that can cause dandruff. Excess oil on the scalp (another reason for dandruff) can also be reduced with the help of baking soda.Add one teaspoon of baking soda to your shampoo and wash your hair as usual.
7. Aloe vera Gel
Aloe vera has anti bacterial and anti-fungal properties which help a lot in keeping a check on dandruff.The proteolytic enzyme in this gel eradicates the dead skin flakes and dandruff that clog hair follicles making hair clean and clear.
a).Rub aloe vera gel into your scalp and hair, leave it for ten minutes, and then shampoo your hair.
b).Add Add few drops of lemon to aloe vera gel and apply it to your scalp and hair . leave it for ten minutes, and then shampoo your hair.
8. Fenugreek or Methi
Fenugreek seeds contain protein and nicotinic which are very effective in preventing dandruff, hair fall and baldness. Soak fenugreek seeds overnight and the following morning, grind the soaked seeds to a smooth paste using two spoons of curd. Apply this paste on the dandruff-afflicted scalp, leaving it for an hour before washing thoroughly with cold water. This hair treatment also works as conditioner, makes your hair shine and manageable.
Henna is a natural herbal powder which is not only used for coloring hair, but also helps to prevent dandruff and scalp itching.Combine curd, henna powder, lemon juice and tea water and spread the mixture on the scalp washing off after half an hour. This keeps hair healthy and free from dandruff.
10. Coconut Oil
Full of antioxidants, coconut oil also possesses antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial properties. The antimicrobial properties found in coconut oil are excellent natural treatments for various scalp infections.Warm some coconut oil over low heat for a few minutes.massage it into the scalp and hair before going to bed and shampoo it in the morning. you can also add few drops of lemon juice into the oil ,warm it and then apply.